Overview

 

PCOS is a common hormonal condition in females of reproductive age and is a disease that is severe to females of reproductive age.

PCOS women can have unusual or prolonged menstrual periods or elevated levels of male hormone (androgen). Numerous smaller fluid collections (follicles) can be produced and eggs cannot routinely be released.

Unknown is the exact trigger of PCOS. Effective diagnosis and treatment together with loss of weight could reduce the risk that complications such as heart disease and type 2 will be long-lasting.

Description PCOS is a disorder affecting the hormone levels in women.

 

Females with PCOS contain male hormones that are higher than normal. This hormone imbalance makes it difficult for the young to get pregnant and miss menstrual periods.

 

PCOS also induces facial and body hair growth and baldness. And it can assist with long-term health issues such as diabetes and cardiac disease.

 

Diabetes and birth control pills can help to correct hormone imbalance and intensify symptoms.

 

In pregnancy, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) affects nearly 27 percent of women. It requires ovarian cysts, elevated male hormone levels and erratic periods.

PCOS process

PCOS is a hormone problem that affects women during (15 to 44 years). PCOS  is found in between  2.2 and 26.7% of women in this age group.

 

Most women don’t know it but have PCOS. Up to 70 percent of women with PCOS were not identified in one study.

 

PCOS affects the ovaries of women, the reproductive organs that make estrogen and progesterone— the menstrual cycle hormones. A small amount of men’s hormones called androgens are also formed in ovaries.

 

Eggs that are fertilized by a human sperm are released by the ovaries. Each month the release of an egg is known as ovulation.

 

FSH and luteinizing hormone (LH) regulate the ovulation. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). FSH spurs a follicle into the ovary— a bag which holds an egg— and then LH spurs a mature egg into the ovary.

 

PCOS is a disorder or band of ovary and ovulation symptoms. The three main features are: cysts with the high ovaries of male hormones that arise irregularly or during missed cycles. Polycystic means “multiple cysts.” In fact, these sacks are follicles, each with an immature egg. The eggs are never sufficiently mature to induce ovulation.

 

The absence of ovulation affects estrogen, progesterone, FSH, and LH rates. The levels of estrogen and progesterone are less than average, and the levels of androgen are higher.

 

Extra male hormones interrupt the menstrual cycle so that PCOS patients have less time than usual.

PCOS Symptoms

Symptoms PCOS signs and symptoms frequently arise during the first puberty phase. PCOS, for instance, often occurs later in response to a significant gain in weight.

PCOS symptoms and signs vary. PCOS is diagnosed when at least two of these symptoms are present: • Irregular cycles. The most common sign of PCOS is rare, irregular and prolonged menstrual cycles. Of example, between cycles and abnormally heavy times, you could have less than nine times a year, over 35 days.

  • Overly high androgen levels. Elevated levels of male hormones, such as excess facial and hair (hirsutism), and occasional severe acne and paternal baldness may result in physical signs.
  • Ovaries polycystic. You can expand your ovaries and contain follicles surrounding your eggs. The ovaries may therefore be inactive.

Usually, if you’re obese PCOS signs and symptoms are worse.

If you have questions about your menstrual periods, puberty, or symptoms of androgen in abundance such as increasing hirsutism, acne and masculine trends of baldness, see your physician.

 

In the early stages, many women start to see symptoms. Some find that PCOS is only possible after they have become very weighty and impossible to get pregnant.

 

PCOS symptoms are the most common: cycles of irregularity. The uterus lining cannot be shaded every month because of a lack of ovulation.

Many PCOS women get less than 8 years a year.

  • Heavy hemorrhage. The uterine belt builds up for a long time, so you can have longer periods than average.
  • Growth of the body. More than 70 percent of women with this disease grow hair, including their head, belly and chest on their faces and bodies. Hirsutism is characterized as excess growth of hair.
  • Male hormones can make your skin oily and cause outbursts in areas such as the head, chest and upper back.
  • Increase in weight. In PCOS, overweight or obese women are up to 80 percent
  • The masculine style is shallow. Hair became thicker on the scalp and fell out.
  • The hair is darkened. In the body pinions like the ones on your chest, your groin and under your breasts, dark patches can develop.
  • Changing hormones in some women may cause headaches.

PCOS Causes

Causes It is not clear exactly what causes PCOS.

Excess insulin may be a part of the causes. Insulin is the substance that the cells can use as their main source of energy in the pancreas. You will increase the blood sugar content and your body may produce more insulin if your cells are immune to insulin action. Excess insulin can increase the production of androgen and cause ovulation difficulty.

Inflammation of low level. The term is used to describe the processing of infection-related substances by white blood cells. Evidence has shown that women with PCOS are inflamed to a low degree and cause polycystic ovaries to produce androgens that can lead to heart attacks and problems with their blood vessels.

Inheritance. Research shows that some genes can be associated with PCOS.

Overly high androgen rate. The ova contain androgens that are abnormally high and contribute to hirsutism which acne.

PCOS may be exacerbated by

  • Infertility
  • Gestionary diabetes and pregression high blood pressure

Injury, or premature birth

  • Substantial liver inflammation
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • High blood pressure, Higher blood sugar or elevated cholesterol or triglyceride Miscarriage or premature birth

PCOS Treatment

If women have 2 out of 3 signs— high levels of androgen, prolonged cycles, and ovarian cysts. The diagnosis may be confirmed by a pelvic examination, blood tests and ultrasound.

Physicians generally diagnose PCOS with at least two of these signs :high level androgen abnormal cysts in ovaries; the medical professional should also inquire if you had symptoms such as acne, head, body hair growth, and weight gain.

A pelvic examination may check your ovaries or other parts of your breeding tube for problems. The doctor sticks gloved fingers into your vagina during this procedure and scans for development of the ovary or uterus.

Blood testing checks the levels of male hormones that are higher than normal. Blood tests for cholesterol, insulin, and triglyceride may also be conducted to assess the risk of associated diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes.

The sound waves are used in an ultrasound to check for irregular follicles and other ovarian and uterine problems.

PCOS Treatment Health and Lifestyle

PCOS treatment Health and lifestyle recommendations typically start with improvements in the lifestyle, including weight loss, health care and planning. Therapy of PCOS.

With only 5-10% of your body weight, you can regulate your menstrual cycle and raise it. Weight loss can also decrease cholesterol, glucose, cardiovascular problems and diabetes rates.

Each diet that helps you lose weight helps. Nevertheless, in addition to others, some diets can have benefits.

Research in comparison to PCOS diets indicate that both weight loss and insulin suppression are associated with low-carbohydrate diets. A low-GI diet with the most carbohydrate of fruits, vegetables and whole grains is more active at controlling the menstrual cycle than a regular weight-loss diet.

In some research 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise at least 3 days a week were demonstrated for people with PCOS weight loss. Lower weight also increases exercise level of ovulation and insulin.  Exercise is even more effective in combination with a healthy diet. Diet and exercise increase the risk of diabetes and cardiac disease. It’s more weight loss that any drug alone can.  Acupuncture may lead to PCOS improvement, but work is required.

 

Common Medical Treatments

Common medical treatments Pills and other medications for birth control can help regulate the menstrual cycle and treat symptoms of PCOS such as hair growth and acne.

 

Birth control Oestrogen and progestin provide restoration of natural hormone balance daily, regulation of ovulation, alleviation of signs such as excess hair growth, and protection against endometrial cancer. Both hormones are found in a vaginal shell, patch or tablet.

 

The drug used to treat diabetes type 2 is Metformine Metformin (Glucophage, Fortamet). It also treats PCOS by increasing the level of insulin.

 

In a study, metformin is strengthened by weight loss, lower blood sugar after improvements in diet and exercise and improves the normal menstrual cycle more than dietary and workout alone (25).

 

Clomiphene clomiphene (clomid) is a fertility medication which can support pregnant women with PCOS. Nevertheless, the risk of double and multiple births is increased (26).

 

Hair removal medicines A few treatments can help get rid of unwanted hair or stop it from growing. The prescription medicine, Eflornithine (Vaniqa), is a skin growth-slowing treatment. Laser hair removal and electrical electrolysis will rid the body and face of unwanted hair.

 

Surgery Surgery can be an alternative if other therapies don’t work to improve the fertility. Ovarian boiling is a technique that uses a laser or thin heated needle to recover natural ovulation in small holes in the ovary.

Relation between Pregnancy and PCOS

PCOS can make pregnancy difficult and can increase your risk of miscarriage and mistake. Loss of weight and other treatments can boost the pregnancy chances.

PCOS delays the usual menstrual cycle and makes pregnancy harder. There are fertility problems between 70 and 80% of PCOS women.

This condition may also increase the risk of complications of pregnancy.

People with PCOS are double the risk of people without premature birth. These are also more vulnerable to failure, higher blood pressure and pregnancy.

Women with PCOS, however, can become pregnant with ovulation enhancement fertility treatments. Lowering blood sugar levels and losing weight could increase your chance of a healthy pregnancy.

 

See your doctor

If you have been skipping cycles and are not pregnant when seeing the doctor.

PCOS signs, including hair growth, are present in your face and body.

For more than 12 months, you have been trying to become pregnant but were not successful.

They have diabetes symptoms such as extreme hunger and malnutrition, blurred vision and unexplained weight loss.

If you have PCOS, arrange regular visits with your doctor. Daily tests are needed to monitor for diabetes, high blood pressure and other potential complications.

Summary:

PCOS can interrupt a woman’s menstrual cycles and make pregnancy harder. High levels of male hormones also cause unwanted symptoms like facial and body hair growth.

Lifestyle interventions are physicians ‘ first approved therapies for PCOS, and often perform well. Weight loss can treat PCOS symptoms and increase pregnancy chances. Diet and aerobic exercise are two successful weight-loss forms.

Medicines are an alternative if lifestyle changes fail. Birth control pills and metformin can restore regular menstrual cycles and relieve symptoms of PCOS.

Related Topic.

How about you?

When did you sense your first time PCOS? What did it feel? In the remarks below, share with us!

Published by Neha Singh

Having question on Pregnancy,Birth and Babies Health ? Ask us. Improving the quality of maternal, newborn and child health care meetings on accountability and quality of care learning. Maternal health is women’s health during pregnancy, infancy, and postpartum. It covers the dimensions of health care in family planning, preconception, prenatal and postnatal care to guarantee a favorable and satisfying experience

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