As the fetus grows within the uterus of a woman, another essential structure is in place to provide the mother and baby with a crucial service: the placenta. It is a spongy structure, packed with blood vessels coming from the mom through the uterus lining, and then connecting with the child through the umbilical cord. During pregnancy, it grows to provide the fetus with nourishment and remove waste.

During multiple phases of pregnancy, the placenta also generates hormones that result in modifications in the constitution of a woman allowing her to bear and birth the child.

The umbilical cord is 13 to 17 inches long at birth and includes two arteries carrying blood from the child to the uterus and one vein carrying oxygen-filled blood and nutrition from the placenta to the child.

Cord blood is left in the umbilical cord and placenta after a child has been born. It is comparatively simple to obtain, with no danger to mom or baby. Umbilical cord blood was once discarded as waste material but is now known as a helpful source of stem cells in the blood.

Since 1989, cord blood has been used to treat kids with certain blood diseases and progress is being made in studies to use it to treat adults. So, what are the present cord blood study things and how can it be used now and in the future?

What is the umbilical cord and its Importance for parents to save their baby’s cord blood — and give it away.
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What do we know about umbilical cord?

Cord blood is in a newborn child’s umbilical cord and placenta. For subsequent use, it can readily be gathered and frozen. Cord blood includes blood (Hematopoietic) stem cells that can generate all other blood cells, including immune system cells. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) can create all kinds of blood cells –red cells, white cells, and platelets. They are accountable for the life-long maintenance of blood production. Bone marrow transplants have used them for many years to treat blood diseases.

Cord blood haematopoietic stem cell transplants (HSCs) can be used to treat various illnesses of the blood, such as leukaemia.

Compared to bone marrow donor HSCs, cord blood transplants of HSCs appear to result in fewer incompatibilities of the immune system, such as graft-versus-host disease.

What are researchers investigating?

The American Pediatrics Academy wants parents to gather that blood from the cord. But they would like them to bring it to a government cord blood bank instead of maintaining it for themselves.

Several studies have suggested that cord blood may contain other kinds of stem cells that may generate specialized cells that are not part of the blood, such as nerve cells. These results among researchers are extremely contentious and not commonly accepted.

A cord blood restriction is that it includes fewer HSCs than a donation of bone marrow, which means that adult patients often require two quantities of cord blood for treatment. Researchers are studying methods to increase the amount of cord blood HSCs in laboratories so that a single cord blood donation can provide enough cells for one or more HSC transplants.

Some contentious studies indicate that cord blood can help treat illnesses other than blood diseases, but it is often impossible to reproduce these outcomes. Researchers are actively researching whether cord blood can be used to treat different other illnesses.

After a child is born, the blood left in the umbilical cord and placenta has unique cells in it that can treat and even cure certain severe illnesses. The blood can be gathered and stored — and that’s what many personal cord blood banking businesses are encouraging families to do in the event that their kid (or someone else in the family) will develop one of those illnesses in the future.

Important Use of umbilical cord

Cord blood includes cells that are called stem cells called hematopoietic. These cells can become any type of blood cell and can be used for transplants that can cure illnesses like blood disorders, immune deficiencies, metabolic diseases, and some types of cancers. Research is revealing how it can save life more and more. It’s precious— nearly magical — and worth maintaining completely. Doing so is totally secure for the child and has no effect on labor or delivery.


Cord blood treatment illnesses are not very prevalent, so any child’s chances of developing them are small — but they affect millions of kids globally. This is why the use of government blood banks is 30 times higher than private ones.

Umbilical cord either to store or not for future use.

It is completely up to you and your doctor’s advice to make that choice. Below are some of the reasons that can help.

If a family has a recognized genetic issue that puts them at danger of developing a disease that can be handled with cord blood, then keeping it for family use makes sense. But if that’s not the case, donating it makes more sense, as it’s much more likely that another family will need it than the family of the baby.

Cord blood treatment illnesses are not very prevalent, so any child’s chances of developing them are small — but they affect millions of kids globally. This is why the use of government blood banks is 30 times higher than private ones.


Giving a government blood bank is free, but banking through a personal bank charges cash: originally $900 to $2,100, and then a $80 to $210 annual fee. That’s a lot of money, meaning that most families that end up in need of cord blood don’t have a banked private supply for them. Private cord blood banks also need not satisfy the same requirements of accreditation as government banks,

Correcting misinformation is a major challenge facing many fields of medical research and treatment. Some businesses advertise parental services suggesting that they should pay to freeze the cord blood of their child in a blood bank if it is required later in life. Studies indicate that cord blood is extremely unlikely to ever be used for your kid.

We discovered just lately how valuable cord blood is; we threw it out before that. We still heartbreakingly often throw it out. It involves some advanced planning to collect it, which is why we need to get the word out to anyone who is or might be a expectant parent, or anyone who might know a expectant parent and can tell them about donating cord blood.

You donate something you are unlikely to need when you donate cord blood, which could heal a disease and save a life.

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Published by Neha

Having question on Pregnancy,Birth and Babies Health ? Ask us. Improving the quality of maternal, newborn and child health care meetings on accountability and quality of care learning. Maternal health is women’s health during pregnancy, infancy, and postpartum. It covers the dimensions of health care in family planning, preconception, prenatal and postnatal care to guarantee a favorable and satisfying experience

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