Moving into a new home during the first three months of pregnancy may bring pressures that raise women’s chance of getting premature birth, low birth weight and a small baby for their gestational age, according to a report in the United States. This may increase premature birth risk.
The authors of the report advise in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health that women consider moving while pregnant may work with their healthcare workers in order to plan their move and ensure proper support.
Julia Bond at the University of Washington School of Public Health in Seattle, who led new research, said “There is no question it’s quite normal in childbirth, and it makes sense because in life it’s a time to think about moving into a bigger house and finding a new location to raise a child.
Previous studies have calculated that she has added up to a quarter of pregnant women in the United States move.
Bond told Reuters ‘ Health on the line, “Don’t worry and don’t think you can’t pass.” The researchers analyzed Washington State Birth Certificate data 2007-2014 to assess whether 28,000 women moving during the first quarter of their pregnancy had a higher risk of low birthweight, premature birth, and smaller infantes than 112,000 women who did not move. “It’s just worth talking about potential stressors with your doctor.”
The study team has described preterm birth as under 37 weeks gestation and under 2500 grams or about 5.5 pounds of low birthweight. Babies under 10% are considered small for their gestational age.
Researchers found that moving was still associated with increased risks, following adjustments to further influences like maternity age, marital status, education, income, race, and health insurance.
There was a 9.1 percent risk of premature birth among women who moved, compared with 6.4 percent among women who did not move. Similarly, the incidence of low birthweight was 6.4% if people traveled and 9.8% was small compared with 4.5% and 8.7% for women who did not travel.
While women moved in their first trimester were more likely to be young and poor, not receive a high school, to reside in a medium-sized household income area under $40 000, and lack prenatal care, and they were less likely to marry, while pushed by a premature birth and low birth weight in all socio-economic strata.
“If anything, it’s going, but there are many unanswered questions,” Bond said. “That is worth investigating. “For example, if you have transfers and families to support, there may be no drawback to moving, but if you are expelled, I would assume it would be a huge stressor.” The researchers could not tell if women moved to more or less desirable locations, the authors note. One limitation. Therefore, they only included live births to stop them from researching how motion causes the risk of childbirth or death.
The authors write: Overall, moving can influence pregnancy because of a physical strain, social support disorders, the failure to get regular health care, or the psychosocial stress of moving.
Annette Evans from Cardiff University in the UK, who was not involved in the study, said other stressors before pregnancy, for instance a loss of work or death in the family, could also have an impact upon childhood wellbeing or the tests.
She said by email,’ Residential activity can suggest a more disorderly lifestyle. “In the early pregnancy, if necessary, try to minimize pressure on house movements.”
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