We don’t talk about limiting calories or attempting to lose weight when we refer to diet during pregnancy. Dieting to lose weight during pregnancy can be dangerous for you and your child. There are 2 lives inside you during pregnancy, one is yours and your children are there. You both need it, particularly as a weight loss scheme can limit significant nutrients like iron, folic acid, and other significant nutrients and minerals.


Doctors highly recommend a healthy diet, particularly when you are pregnant or are planning a pregnancy.


Healthy eating keeps you feeling good and provides the essential nutrients you need in your womb to your child.


During pregnancy, the sort of diet we promote relates to fine-tuning you’re eating practices to ensure that you and your child receive appropriate nutrition for their health. Healthy eating is critical to the growth and development of your baby during pregnancy. In order to get the nutrients you need, you must eat from a variety of food groups, including fruits and vegetables, bread and grains, protein and dairy products.


Typically, every day you will need to eat an additional 400 – 500 calories

What food during this growth stage can be useful to mom and child?

Basically, you will eat foods that are rich in nutrients such as iron, folic acid, and other significant vitamins and minerals. This will assist you accomplish growth for you and your child in keeping 400-500 calories together every day.


Overall, strive for a balanced diet with a suitable mixture of all five food groups:

  • Fruits
  • Vegetable
  • Breads and cereals
  • Milk, yoghurt and cheese
  • Meat, poultry, fish and alternatives


Below are few foods that any pregnant women should include in their diet.


Importance of Dairy foods during Pregnancy

Dairy foods like milk, cheese and yogurt are essential because they contain calcium and other nutrients needed by your child. Wherever feasible, select reduced-fat varieties. There are a few cheeses to prevent — see Foods to avoid.

There is more calcium in yogurt than in most other dairy products. There are also probiotic bacteria in some varieties that promote digestive health.

Yogurt may also be tolerated by people who are lactose intolerant. This helps you to satisfy the enhanced need for protein and calcium. Probiotics can also assist to decrease complications danger.

Dairy product during pregnancy
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Importance of Protein foods during Pregnancy

Protein-containing foods assist the child develop. Meat (but prevent liver), fish (but prevent high in mercury fish such as shark / flake, marlin or broadbill / swordfish), poultry, eggs, beans, legumes / beans and nuts. Eat every day some protein. Choose lean meat, remove the skin from the poultry, and use a little fat to cook it. Make sure that you have eggs, poultry, and pork. All the way through, burgers and sausages are cooked. Check that no purple meat is present, and that no purple or red juices are present in them. Try eating 2 parts of fish a week, including oily fish like sardines or mackerel.


Fiber & Folate (Good for fetus brain development)

There are lentils, peas, beans, chickpeas, soybeans and peanuts in this food group.

Legumes are great fiber, protein, iron, folate (B9) and calcium sources based on plants — all of which your body requires more during childbirth.

One of the B vitamins (B9) is folate. Especially during the first trimester, it is very essential for the mom and fetus ‘ health.

Most pregnant females, however, do not consume almost enough folate. During pregnancy, folate is a very significant nutrient and may decrease the risk of certain birth defects and illnesses.

Peas is good for pregnancy
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Importance of vitamin A intake in pregnancy

Sweet potatoes are very rich in beta-carotene, a compound of plants that your body transforms into vitamin A.

Vitamin A is vital for most cells and tissues to grow and differentiate. It is very essential for good fetal growth It is usually recommended that pregnant females boost their consumption of vitamin A by 10–40%.

Vitamin A is essential for cell development and differentiation of cells in your growing fetus


Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids.

Omega-3 fatty acids found to be high in seafood and assist construct your fetus ‘ brain and eyes. Pregnant females are usually recommended to restrict their consumption of seafood to twice a week owing to mercury and other contaminants discovered in fatty fish.

Salmon includes the vital omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA that are important to your increasing baby’s brain and eye development. It’s also a natural source of vitamin D.

Importance of choline rich Food.

Whole eggs are incredibly nutritious and a great way to increase your overall nutrient intake. They also contain choline, an essential nutrient for brain health and development. A large egg contains 77 calories, as well as high-quality protein and fat. It also packs many vitamins and minerals.


Egg during pregnancy
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Food rich in Antioxidants

Broccoli and dark green vegetables like kale and spinach contain many of the nutrients needed by pregnant women. Broccoli and leafy greens are also rich in antioxidants. They also contain plant compounds that benefit the immune system and digestion. These vegetables can also help prevent constipation due to their high fiber content, which is a common problem among pregnant women.

Berries are packed with water, healthy carbs, vitamin C, fiber and antioxidants.


Importance of food rich in Iron and vitamins C during pregnancy.

Beef, pork and chicken are excellent sources of high quality protein. Iron is an essential mineral used as part of hemoglobin by red blood cells. It’s important to supply all cells in your body with oxygen.


Because their blood volume is increasing, pregnant women need more iron. During the third trimester, this is particularly important.


Low iron levels can cause iron deficiency anemia during early and mid-pregnancy, doubling the risk of premature delivery and low birth weight


Importance of Fish Liver Oil and Vitamin D

Fish liver oil is produced from fish’s oily liver. The oil is very rich in EPA and DHA omega-3 fatty acids that are vital for fetal brain and eye development Fish liver oil is also very high in vitamin D.

A single portion of fish liver oil (one table spoon or 15 ml) provides more than the required omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D and vitamin A. For females who do not consume seafood, fish liver oil may be especially essential.

Avocados fruit can be taken weekly 3 times

Avocados are an uncommon fruit because there are many monounsaturated fatty acids in them.

They also have elevated levels of fiber, B vitamins (particularly folate), vitamin K, potassium, copper, vitamin E and vitamin C.

Avocados are a excellent option for pregnant females due to their elevated content of healthy fats, folate and potassium.

Healthy fats assist construct and fold your fetus skin, brain and tissues.



Dried fruits importance.


Calories, fiber and multiple vitamins and minerals are usually high in dried fruit.

Soaked almond daily 2-3 piece in water at night and remove the skin and have it.

One piece of dried fruit contains the same amount of nutrients as fresh fruit, in a much smaller form, just without all the water.

Dried fruit can be of great benefit to pregnant females as it is tiny and dense in nutrients. Just ensure that your portions are limited and that candied varieties are avoided.

Dry fruits during pregnancy
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Food that need to be avoided during the pregnancy.

  • Avoid cheeses food.
  • During your pregnancy, avoid alcohol. Whether you’re planning a pregnancy, pregnancy, or breastfeeding, not drinking is the safest choice because alcohol can hurt your unborn child.
  • Fats (e.g. butter), oils, salad dressings, cream, cheese, chips, cookies, pastries, ice cream, cake, pudding and fizzy beverages. Limit high-sugar, fat and salt products
  • Do not eat high-fat and/or sugar-filled meals such as sweets, biscuits, crisps or chocolate.

DO’S AND DON’TS during pregnancy.


  • Do take a multivitamin
  • Do get lots of sleep
  • Do work out
  • Do eat sea food
  • Do have sex
  • Do practice yoga
  • Do get a flu vaccine
  • Do gain weight smartly by eating healthy



  • Don’t smoke
  • Don’t drink alcohol
  • Don’t eat raw meat
  • Don’t eat deli meat
  • Don’t eat unpasteurized milk products
  • Don’t drink a lot of caffeine
  • Don’t sit in a hot tub or sauna

Conclusion: It impacts your energy and well-being what you consume during pregnancy.

It can also have a direct impact on your baby’s health and growth.

Since calorie and nutrient requirements are improved, choosing nutrient-dense, healthy foods is very crucial.

It is normal to gain weight during pregnancy, but it is essential to obtain it in a good manner. After the Pregnancy, this advantages you, your child and your health.

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Published by Neha

Having question on Pregnancy,Birth and Babies Health ? Ask us. Improving the quality of maternal, newborn and child health care meetings on accountability and quality of care learning. Maternal health is women’s health during pregnancy, infancy, and postpartum. It covers the dimensions of health care in family planning, preconception, prenatal and postnatal care to guarantee a favorable and satisfying experience

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